Steel Flower – Jungwoo ENE co-developed Cryogenic special industrial equipments

DSME

STEEL FLOWER will acquire cryogenic industrial equipment technology and will start the LNG ship fuel supply business.

  STEEL FLOWER and JUNGWOO ENE have signed an agreement to jointly develop cryogenic special industrial equipments.

  Cryogenic industrial equipment is used in offshore plants and industrial plants using cryogenic refrigerants below -60 ° C. Especially, LNG plant equipments are capable of handling ultra-low temperatures of minus 162 ° C.

  At the agreement, representatives of Steel Flower Byeong-Kwon Kim, President Kim Kook-Jin, Researcher Jeongwoo ene and CEO Lee Sun Ha and Vice President Park Joon-Hyung attended and developed high-pressure natural gas fuel supply system (FGSS) for natural gas fuel vessels, And sharing technology contents for the development of cryogenic industrial equipments, supporting technology development expenses, and planning commercialization.

  In the meantime, Steel Flower has signed a contract to transfer the patent technology of ‘High Pressure Natural Gas Fuel Supply System (HiVAR FGSS)’, a core technology of DSME and next generation LNG fuels, I came. In addition, Jungwoo ENE, which has entered into this technology agreement, has developed technologies related to FGSS such as HP pumps, heat exchangers and cryogenic valves, followed by development of LNG compressors with large shipyards, submersible centrifugal pumps for LNG transportation, LNG cryogenic valves and control valves’ and ‘Vacuum insulation piping for cryogenic liquids’, which are expected to generate synergies through the establishment of a cooperation system.

  STEEL FLOWER Kim Byung-kwon said, “With these two companies’ technical cooperation, we will develop high-priced core parts that are dependent on imports for the time being, and will lead the development and commercialization of low-pressure high-pressure natural gas fuel supply equipment. We will actively respond to the demand for LNG-fueled vessels that are expected to be built and concentrate on preempting the world market. “

  Meanwhile, FGSS is the world’s first proprietary high pressure liquefied natural gas fuel supply system for DSME, which is the core technology of natural gas fuel vessels, which is regarded as the next generation ship.

 Sourced by : ekomeri.com

 

Compressed natural gas carrier opens options for remote, marginal fields

Floating LNG vessels are emerging as a solution for harnessing gas from mid-size fields remote from offshore infrastructure. But there are many smaller offshore fields that do not justify the huge vessels that Shell and Petronas have commissioned for their current projects off Australia and Malaysia.

Fincantieri Offshore is working on an alternative concept for a ship-shaped compressed natural gas carrier – the CNG32000 – that could economically transport gas from stranded fields, compressed onboard to a pressure of 166 bar (2,407 psi), to a standard onshore unloading station or an existing regasification plant up to 1,500 mi (2,414 km) away.

Aside from providing a market for gas that might otherwise sit in the ground, the concept opens other potential benefits to offshore operators. One is avoiding the expense of installing a gas pipeline in the case of an oil field with associated gas, or having to re-inject the gas into the reservoir. Another is an economic means of disposing of gas from extended offshore well tests, ensuring compliance with restrictions on flaring.

There are numerous competing compressed natural gas (CNG) concepts, but according to Roberto Gonan, Head of Basic Design at Fincantieri Offshore, none are sufficiently matured to be considered for industrial production and vessel applications.

Fincantieri started work in earnest on the CNG32000 in 2013, initially studying various containment systems, methodologies, and ship configurations. It developed the concept in its present form in 2014, and has performed all work to date in-house. The ship is designed for a 20-year lifespan. Its main dimensions include an overall length of 220 m (722 ft); a molded breadth of 40 m (131 ft); a design draft of 7.2 m (23.6 ft); and a deadweight of around 6,700 metric tons (7,385 tons). Its total CNG transport capacity during a single voyage under standard conditions would be around 6.34 MMcm (223.9 MMcf) at 166 bar (2,407.6 psi) and a temperature of 25°C (77°F). This would be stored in pressure vessels grouped together in around 500 racks, stationed in 10 cargo holds (50 racks each).

CNG-carrier

Next to the cargo holds, the mid-body portion of the ship features a double hull and a double bottom, the inner part of which is used for ballast water tanks. Toward the aft section is the accommodation block, housing 21 crew members, in a superstructure above the main deck containing the engine room. Two 4.5-MW Azipod propulsion units combined with a bow thruster maintain the ship’s position during offshore tandem loading operations. Power is provided by three diesel generators with dual-fuel engines, each outputting around 4.3 MW. A back-up generator is stationed beside the accommodation block above the main deck.

The fore part of the vessel has a bulbous bow. Here the CNG handling system and compressor are located, above the main deck and forward of the cargo holds.

“Initially,” Gonan explained, “our main focus was on the compressed gas containment and cargo handling systems. We took into account and compared several different building materials, assessing physical properties and chemical compositions. We also looked at market availability aspects and economic applications.

“At present we are working on various issues. These include refining the thermo-fluid dynamic study, and assessing the ship’s different working conditions (loading/unloading/emergency release and so on). In addition, we are fine-tuning the prototype gas rack with the potential supplier of the pressure vessels, and we are finalizing safety aspects such as the FMEA analysis.”

The compression system has been designed to allow the ship to receive gas at various pressures and store it in metallic pressure vessels. The main components are the compressors, similar to those used in re-liquefaction systems in LNG carriers; thermal expansion valves; coolers; heaters; and remote control valves.

CNG-carrier

Some competing CNG concepts are based on storage pressure of 250-350 bar (3,626-5,076 psi), much higher than the current target for the CNG32000. According to Gonan, “there are both economic and energy benefits in compression between 140 and 160 bar [2,030-2,320 psi], compared with design pressures of 250 bar and above.

“Recent market studies for high-pressure vessels mostly foresee the application of materials not yet tested for CNG being transported at 250 bar and also envisage very high material costs. The solution we are proposing is intended to achieve the best compromise between the size of the vessel and the quantity of gas transported, at the same time eliminating upstream any possible issue relevant to time-to-market and proven technology. Our design is ready to build, and we want to use the highest quality standard components available today for the compression/storage system, in terms of pressure vessels, valves, pipes and so on.”

Gonan stressed that this is not a “one size fits all” concept. “Each project would need to be approached on a case-by-case basis. In addition, it is more practical to think in terms of a fleet of CNG vessels, rather than a single carrier, in order to maximize efficiency.”

Prior to entering the ship for compression, the produced gas would need to be pre-processed. Any hydrogen sulfide would have to be eliminated for safety reasons and any carbon dioxide would have to be kept below a certain percentage in order to guarantee the calorific properties of the gas and the heaviest hydrocarbons separated while under pressure.

“The compression system we have designed includes scrubber equipment dedicated to cleaning the gas of heavier hydrocarbons and liquid phases,” Gonan said. “Depending on the amount and characteristics of these quantities, the design of the pre-processing system will require different sizing, equipment, and configuration complexity.”

Arrangements for loading/unloading are provided in the forward part of the ship, comprising two manifolds with longitudinal bow connections suitable for offshore tandem loading. A hawser would be deployed to secure the ship and flexible hoses during cargo transfers. Transversal connections – two portside and two starboard – are also arranged forward for cargo transfer at the port quayside reception terminal.

Cargo loading/unloading would typically be completed in less than a day, Gonan estimated. “This assumes the gas would be received from the source (i.e the offshore production platform) at 60 bar, and delivered to the onshore terminal at 60 bar as well.” Offshore tandem loading operations could be performed even in rough seas, he added, although this remains to be validated in tank tests.

Aside from the gas containment system and associated equipment, the shape, layout, and facilities of the ship are similar to those of a standard LNG carrier, Gonan said. In terms of safety, “while LNG is a cryogenic liquid at -162°C [-259.6°F] carried at the ‘boiling point,’ and therefore continuously generating boil-off gas, the CNG is a stable fluid contained inside the pressure vessels at the ambient temperature condition. As for the CNG storage, the 166 bar pressure in our design is in line with, or even below that of the typical maximum used for transportation by road.”

On arrival at the reception terminal, the ship could directly transfer its cargo into the onshore network if the latter is configured to receive the gas within a reasonable timeframe. “In this case very limited facilities would be needed at the reception end,” Gonan suggested, “such as gas metering, odorization, and a Wobbe index correction system. Alternatively, the ship could be used as a storage facility, remaining at the terminal as long as necessary. If this is not possible or not economically viable, onshore storage would have to be considered.”
Source: Offshore Mag

The world first LNG Fueled Container ship launches

The world first LNG fueled container ship has been launched at General Dynamics NASSCO in San Diego for operation by Sea Star Line in the U.S. mainland-Puerto Rico trade.

The Isla Bella is the first of two Marlin-class vessels ordered by Seattle-based TOTE Shipholdings Inc. The ships have dual-fuel engines that will operate primarily on liquefied natural gas but will be capable of burning diesel when needed.

Growing interest in LNG as a ship’s fuel is being driven by increasingly strict regulations on vessel emissions of sulpfur dioxide and other pollutants. Operators in emissions control zones off North American and European waters are the first to feel the impact of the stricter rules.

By switching to LNG, TOTE is reducing NOx emissions by 98 percent, SOx by 97 percent, carbon dioxide by 72 and particulate matter by 60 percent in the Puerto Rico trade.

The world first LNG Fueled Container ship launches

The world first LNG fueled container ship has been launched at General Dynamics NASSCO in San Diego for operation by Sea Star Line in the U.S. mainland-Puerto Rico trade.

The Isla Bella is the first of two Marlin-class vessels ordered by Seattle-based TOTE Shipholdings Inc. The ships have dual-fuel engines that will operate primarily on liquefied natural gas but will be capable of burning diesel when needed.

Growing interest in LNG as a ship’s fuel is being driven by increasingly strict regulations on vessel emissions of sulpfur dioxide and other pollutants. Operators in emissions control zones off North American and European waters are the first to feel the impact of the stricter rules.

By switching to LNG, TOTE is reducing NOx emissions by 98 percent, SOx by 97 percent, carbon dioxide by 72 and particulate matter by 60 percent in the Puerto Rico trade.